Law & Medicine

Law & Medicine: Health care costs and defensive medicine




1. JAMA. 2005 Jun 1;293(21):2609-17.

2. Ann Emerg Med. 2005 Dec;46(6):525-33.

3. J Health Polit Policy Law. 1996 Summer;21(2):267-88.

4. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2012 Feb;41(2):69-73.

5. JAMA. 1987 May 22-29;257(20):2776-81.

6. Q J Econ. 1996 May; 111(2):353-90.

7. J Am Health Policy. 1994 Jul-Aug;4(4):7-15.

8. BMJ. 2015 Nov 4;351:h5516.

9. BMJ. 2015 Nov 4;351:h5786.

Dr. Tan is emeritus professor of medicine and former adjunct professor of law at the University of Hawaii, and currently directs the St. Francis International Center for Healthcare Ethics in Honolulu. This article is meant to be educational and does not constitute medical, ethical, or legal advice. Some of the articles in this series are adapted from the author’s 2006 book, “Medical Malpractice: Understanding the Law, Managing the Risk,” and his 2012 Halsbury treatise, “Medical Negligence and Professional Misconduct.” For additional information, readers may contact the author at


Next Article: