Dr. Tan is emeritus professor of medicine and former adjunct professor of law at the University of Hawaii, Honolulu. This article is meant to be educational and does not constitute medical, ethical, or legal advice. For additional information, readers may contact the author at email@example.com.
1. Shinal v. Toms, J-106-2016, Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, Decided: June 20, 2017.
2. Valles v. Albert Einstein Medical Center, 805 A.2d (PA, 2002).
3. Informed-consent ruling may have “far-reaching, negative impact.” AMA Wire, Aug 8, 2017.