Andrew C. Krakowski, MD, and Magdalene A. Dohil, MD
With a prevalence of 10% to 20% in the first decade of life, atopic dermatitis (AD) is one of the most common skin disorders in young children. It is a chronic illness with limited therapeutic options. Topical anti-inflammatory agents remain at the core of medical management; however, their efficacy must be balanced with safety concerns, especially as they relate to the pediatric population. This article discusses the principles of topical AD therapy with a detailed review of the differences between topical corticosteroids and topical calcineurin inhibitors. It also includes specialized topical treatment strategies for AD, such as wet wraps and diluted bleach baths, and highlights the most common challenges to patient compliance in atopic dermatitis.
*For a PDF of the full article, click on the link to the left of this introduction.