The Food and Drug Administration has approved a new formulation of metoclopramide for relief of symptoms of diabetic gastroparesis in adults.
The product, called Gimoti (Evoke Pharma) delivers metoclopramide through nasal administration, offering an advantage over oral administration, which can be impeded because of slowed stomach emptying, the company said in an announcement of the approval. The delivery system provides 15 mg metoclopramide in each 70-mcL spray, which can be taken 30 minutes before each meal and at bedtime for 2-8 weeks, depending on symptomatic response, according to Gimoti’s.
Metoclopramide, a dopamine-2 antagonist, has been available for 4 decades in oral and injection formulations. It carries a risk of developing tardive dyskinesia – a serious, often-irreversible movement disorder – that increases with duration of treatment. Therefore, use of the drug should not exceed 12 weeks. Other contraindications include a history of tardive dyskinesia, when stimulation of GI motility might be dangerous, pheochromocytoma and catecholamine-releasing paragangliomas, and epilepsy.
, who was involved with clinical trials leading to the approval, explained in the Evoke statement that “patients with gastroparesis suffer from characteristic symptoms such as nausea, abdominal pain, bloating, early satiety, as well as vomiting which can be severe and debilitating. These patients often have erratic absorption of orally administered drugs because of delayed gastric emptying.
“Unlike oral medications, Gimoti is administered nasally, bypassing the diseased GI track, allowing the drug to enter the bloodstream directly and therefore may provide predictable delivery of the therapy,” adds Dr. Parkman, chair and director of the Gastroenterology Motility Laboratory at Temple University, Philadelphia.
Gimoti will be available commercially in the fourth quarter of this year, according to Evoke.