FDA advisory committee votes to recommend first once-daily aminoglycoside antibiotic


In a secondary analysis of microbiologically evaluable populations, or patients who had an appropriately collected urine specimen yielding interpretable culture results, plazomicin again showed noninferiority. Composite cure rates at Day 5 were 89.4% in the plazomicin group, compared with 94.2% in the meropenem group. TOC composite scores also were similar, at 89.4% and 75.1%, respectively.An analysis of composite cure scores at the end of the intravenous therapy visit revealed that Day 5 scores were comparable between the plazomicin and meropenem groups at 93.7% and 94.9%, respectively, demonstrating that high cure rates were achieved with IV treatment, irrespective of the drug used.

In a pooled safety analysis of a phase 2 trial and the EPIC trial, 22.5% experienced a treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE); of these, 2.9% had a severe TEAE and 2.7% experienced a TEAE that led to discontinuation of the intravenous study drug. All adverse events were related to renal function, diarrhea, headache, nausea, and vomiting.

CARE study

CARE was an open-label trial to assess the safety and efficacy of plazomicin as compared with colistin in patients with hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia or ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia (HABP/VABP) or bloodstream infections caused by CRE. The primary endpoint in the study was all-cause mortality at Day 28 or significant disease-related complications in the mMITT population, which included all patients with a confirmed CRE pathogen who had at least one dose of the study drug.

Overall, CARE enrolled 69 patients and split them into two cohorts. In Cohort 1, there were 39 randomized patients; 30 with blood stream infections and 9 with HABP or VABP. Cohort 2 was uncontrolled and consisted of 30 total patients; 27 patients who were in the mMITT population included 14 patients with BSI, 9 with HABP/VABP, and 4 with cUTI, all of whom received plazomicin.


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